The following report is now a complimentary offering from MEMRI’s Jihad and Terrorism Threat Monitor (JTTM). For JTTM subscription information, click here.
In the fall of 2014, Hoda Muthana, the New Jersey-born daughter of a Yemeni diplomat, who lived with her family in Hoover, Alabama and was a student at the University of Alabama-Birmingham, withdrew from the university and used the tuition reimbursement funds to travel via Turkey to Syria to join ISIS. Within a month of her arrival in Syria, she married, on December 20, 23-year-old Suhan Rahman, an Australian also known as Abu Jihad al-Australi. Rahman was close to the well-known Australian ISIS fighters Mohamed Elomar and Mahmoud Abdullatif.
Muthana, now known as “Umm Jihad,” became a high-profile advocate for ISIS, tweeting regularly from Syria in late 2014 and 2015, urging Americans to come join the jihad. On January 7, 2015, she scolded fellow Americans for failing to enlist in the ranks of jihad in Syria, tweeting: “Allahumma barik [God bless] there are sooo many Aussies and Brits here but where are the Americans, wake up u cowards.”
Muthana was a member of the ISIS all-female Al-Khansaa Brigade, and through them had ties to the family of the notorious Australian ISIS fighter Khaled Sharrouf. The Al-Khansaa Brigade group comprised some five women, wives and widows of, inter alia, Australian ISIS fighters Mohamed Elomar and Mahmoud Abdullatif. The women shared photos of themselves brandishing rifles and posing with cars, and regularly tweeted threats. In March 2015, she posed for a group photo with other members of the Al-Khansaa Brigade holding AK-47s, tweeted by her friend Umm Abdullatif, wife of Mahmoud Abdullatif, with the caption “Kikn [Kicking] It In The Khilafa.”
Following her husband’s death in battle in March 2015, Muthana tweeted a photo of his dead body on the battlefield, writing “May Allah accept my husband, Abu Jihad al Australi. Promised Allah and fought in the front lines until he obtained shahadah [martrydom]. And never think of those who have been killed in the cause of Allah as dead.” She also tweeted: “Terrorize the kuffar [derogatory term for non-Muslims] at home.” A few days later, she tweeted instructions to Americans: “Men and women altogether. You have much to do while you live under our greatest enemy, enough of your sleeping! Go on drive-bys and spill all of their blood, or rent a big truck and drive all over them. Veterans, Patriot, Memorial etc Day parades… Kill them.”
On March 18, 2015, Muthana’s close friend Umm Abdullatif tweeted: “Our husbands die in frontlines but that doesn’t stop women in the west from sending their husbands to kill kuffar [infidels.]” She then went on to suggest methods to kill Westerners: “Kill kuffar in alleyways, stab them and poison them. Poison your teachers. Go to haram [banned] restaurants and poison the food in large quantities.”
Additionally, Muthana posted on her Instagram account on March 15, 2017: “We don’t love, or even like this world or anything in it… We thank you Allah for choosing us and trying us with trials for this only increases us in reward, patience and revenge.”
Muthana went on to marry her second husband, a Tunisian fighter, with whom she had her son, Adam. Her husband was killed in Mosul, and she then married a Syrian fighter.
Muthana is now the only American among the 1,500 foreign women and children at the Al-Houl refugee camp in northeast Syria  and wants to return to the U.S. However, the Obama administration determined in 2016 that she was not a U.S. citizen and that her passport was never valid to begin with, and on February 20, 2019, President Trump announced that she would not be allowed back into the country.
In another post, she denounced a man she said was a relative of hers for saying “God Bless America” to her, saying “May Allah destroy this taghut [tyrant].”
March 22, 2017: “I Was Watching An American Documentary On A Battle In Afghanistan And The Americans Are Such Cowards… These Men Cry For Their Lives While We Cry For Our Death (Shahadah [martyrdom])!”
On March 22, 2017, Muthana posted of a photo, presumably of herself, holding a gun. She wrote: “We have men (and women!) who love death as ardently as you love your lives! I was watching an American documentary on a battle in Afghanistan and the Americans are such cowards. Crying and shaking on the battlefield and saying, ‘our aim is to get everyone home where they belong.’ While our men’s aim on the battlefield is to reunite with our Lord. Our honor is in jihad, either victory or shahadah [martyrdom]. These men cry for their lives while we cry for our death (shahadah)!”
March 13, 2017: “May Allah Destroy” My Relative Who Said “God Bless America” – “You Are My Enemy”
Earlier, on March 13, Muthana posted four images of a man she stated was a relative, and wrote: “May Allah destroy this taghut [tyrant]. His last words to me were God bless America. We will never speak again and if you die upon this we will be enemies on Judgement Day. You are not my family you are my enemy, and today I expose you just how you exposed me. His name is Ahmed Muthana and he is NOT a Muslim. By Allah’s definition not mine, ALLAH’S! ‘And whoever doesn’t rule by what Allah sent down those are they that are unbelievers’. (5:44) #Islam #baqiyah #dawlah #ISIS.”
On January 7, 2015 Muthana scolded fellow U.S. citizens for failing to enlist in the ranks of jihad in Syria, tweeting: “Allahumma barik [God bless] there are sooo many Aussies and Brits here but where are the Americans, wake up u cowards.”
March 2015: “Kikn [Kicking] It In The Khilafa” With AK-47s
On March 18, 2015, Umm Abdullatif posted a photo of herself with four other women holding AK-47 rifles and posing in front of a BMW car. She wrote, “Ft. [featuring] The Sharrouf Family, me, & Umm Jihad kikn [kicking] it in the Khilafah.”
Muthana was married to an Australian ISIS member, Abu Jihad, who died in battle in the Kurdish town of Kobane.
On March 18 she tweeted, “May Allah accept my husband, Abu Jihad al Australi. Promised Allah and fought in the front lines until he obtained shahadah [martrydom].”
She posted a photo of her husband’s corpse on the battlefield with the text, “And never think of those who have been killed in the cause of Allah as dead.”
The widow expressed her joy at the news of her husband’s death, writing, “Alhamdullilahi rabbil alimeen [praise Allah], I’m the most content I have ever been in my life.”
According to her close friend Zehra Duman, aka Umm Abdullatif, Muthana’s husband died fighting in Kobane. Umm Abdullatif also reveals that her husband was the best friend of Umm Jihad’s husband. On March 18, she tweeted, “May Allah accept Abu Jihad Al Australi, obtained shahada in ayn al-Islam (Kobane). Reunited with my husband in Jannah [heaven], neighbors in Dunya [this life] and Akhirah [afterlife].”
Umm Abdullatif posted a photo the same day of her husband and Abu Jihad Al-Australi, with the latter holding a head in his hand. The caption reads, “lol May Allah accept them both, amen. 2 bestfriends in Jannah. Til we @ZumarulJannah[Umm Jihad] reunite with dem also.”
Full post with more photographic evidence at the link above.